This is a list of Freedom Online Coalition documents that are available for download.
The Tallinn Agenda - Recommendations for Freedom Online
At the 4th Annual Conference in Tallinn, FOC members unanimously adopted a set of "Recommendations for Freedom Online", also referred to as the "Tallinn Agenda". They were drafted through a multistakeholder process and reaffirm the Coalition's commitment to respect and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms.
The Nairobi Terms of Reference
Adopted at the annual conference in Nairobi in 2012, these Terms of reference of the Freedom Online Coalition build on the founding principles of the Coalition and the developments of previous annual conferences.
The Founding Declaration - Freedom Online: Joint Action for Free Expression on the Internet
The founding declaration of the Freedom Online Coalition was drafted by the Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs Uri Rosenthal and endorsed by all FOC member states.
Looking Back To Move Ahead: Freedom Online Coalition Strategic Review Outcome
The Final Report of the FOC Strategic Review Working Group, titled "Looking Back to Move Ahead", presents the culmination of 15 months of extensive consultations and in-depth assessment of the FOC development and its current processes and procedures. In addition. the FOC has issued the San Jose Statement and Work Plan to share the results of its fifth year anniversary strategic review and collective decisions about the Coalition's path forward.
The Stockholm Terms of Reference
At the 6th Annual Freedom Online Conference in Costa Rica, the Coalition presented the Outcome Document of the FOC Strategic Review, the San José Statement. The Statement and accompanying Work Plan set forth the Coalition’s aims and priority activities and offered a blueprint for revising the previous Nairobi Terms of Reference to update the FOC structure and operations to support these objectives.
Adopted at the Stockholm Internet Forum 2017, The new TOR – known as the "Stockholm Terms of Reference"– contains, inter alia, updates to the Coalition’s membership criteria, the future of multistakeholder participation, and provides clarification of FOC's working methods.
Background paper – The Freedom Online Coalition
Overview of the work of the Freedom Online Coalition, and its work and vision to advance Internet freedom globally.
Background Paper – The role of Governments in Protecting Internet Freedom
An open and free Internet is a key means by which individuals can exercise their right to freedom of opinion, expression, association and assembly. However, these freedoms are not absolute and may be at odds with the rights of others. In furthering Internet freedom, the main question for governments is thus how to foster the continued evolution of an Internet ecosystem that supports human expression and knowledge sharing, while protecting interests such as privacy and security.
Background paper – Protecting and supporting Cyber Activities
The Internet has become a key channel for activist and bloggers to seek and impart information, and to organized and share their views. To limit the power of the Internet in supporting key rights, authoritarian regimes have turned to censorship to stem the free flow of information. This paper gives an overview of different initiatives from Governments, civil society, the private sector and academics, aiming to support and strengthen the efforts of cyber activists.
Background paper – Global Corporate Responsibility
Internet security and surveillance technologies may be employed by free societies to protect the public’s rights, but they may also be used by authoritarian regimes to exercise control over their citizens. How companies should deal with these two issues is an important question of corporate social responsibility (CSR). This background paper explores the debate surrounding CSR and shows existing initiatives.
Joint Statement of the Freedom Online Coalition on Human Rights in the Context of International Security and the Work of the UN GGE
To further FOC efforts to promote human rights online, the Coalition has issued a joint statement calling upon the GGE experts to build on the stance of previous GGE reports and emphasize the central importance of respecting human rights and fundamental freedoms for the maintenance of international peace and security.
Joint Statement and Accompanying Good Practices for Government on State-Sponsored Network Disruptions
The Freedom Online Coalition (FOC) has issued a joint statement expressing deep concern over the growing trend of intentional state-sponsored disruptions of access to or dissemination of information online. These disruptions challenge the FOC’s goal of protecting and extending an open and interoperable Internet, as affirmed in the Tallinn Agenda. In addition to the joint statement, the Coalition has issued an accompanying document which outlines good practices, and encourages all governments to refrain from network disruptions which stifle exercise of the freedoms of expression, association, and peaceful assembly online, while bolstering multi-stakeholder, participatory and inclusive Internet governance, strengthening Internet infrastructure, and improving transparency.
Freedom Online Coalition Statement on a Human Rights Based Approach to Cybersecurity Policy Making
The Freedom Online Coalition applauds the direction of the work undertaken by Working Group 1, and hopes that this will work towards the realisation of a paradigm shift in cybersecurity policy making that is human rights respecting by design.
San José Statement: A Road Map to Strengthen Engagement with Members and Stakeholders
In anticipation of discussions at the 6th annual Freedom Online Conference on the future of the Coalition, the FOC issued the San Jose Statement and Work Plan to share the results of its fifth year anniversary strategic review and collective decisions about the Coalition's path forward. In addition to this combined document, the FOC has also shared the Final Report of the FOC Strategic Review Working Group, titled "Looking Back to Move Ahead". These materials together are meant to provide the evidence base for the San Jose Statement and will inform continued discussion at the Costa Rica Conference and beyond, including with all stakeholders, on strengthening the Coalition's role in promoting and protecting human rights online.
Freedom Online Coalition Strategic Review Working Group Joint Statement on Independent Report by University of Pennsylvania
The Freedom Online Coalition’s Strategic Review Working Group issued this statement on the report released on 4th May 2016 by the University of Pennsylvania and authored by Ms. Susan Morgan based on her external assessment of the Coalition’s membership, governance and structure, efforts and activities, and funding.
Joint statement on cross-border attacks on freedom of expression online
The Freedom Online Coalition has issued a statement calling upon governments to halt measures designed, in contravention of states’ international human rights obligations, to restrict the freedoms of expression, association and peaceful assembly online, as stated in the “Tallinn Agenda”.
Joint Statement on Restrictive Data Localisation laws
The Freedom Online Coalition issued a statement expressing its concern regarding the use of privacy and security considerations by authoritarian governments as a pretext to force Internet companies and service providers to store user data on servers physically located within their domestic borders.
Joint Statement of the FOC presented at the 29th Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council
On behalf of members, the Ambassador of Mongolia presented a Joint Statement on online freedoms at the 29th Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council on Monday, June 22 under Agenda Item 3, General Debate.
Joint Statement on the use and export of surveillance technology
Recently, the Freedom Online Coalition (FOC) has been made aware of and has become increasingly concerned by the arbitrary or even unlawful use of surveillance technology in many countries, in clear breach of international human rights law. While welcome steps are being taken to update international trade agreements such as the Wassenaar Arrangement, greater multi-stakeholder efforts from government and private companies are necessary. To this end the FOC governments are issuing a statement calling on governments and businesses to uphold their human rights obligations in this respect, as well as reaffirming their own commitment in their practice of upholding those same obligations
Joint Statement on restrictions on access to social media
The Freedom Online Coalition issued a statement expressing its increasing concern at the violation of human rights principles and law involved by, for example, the wholesale blocking of social media sites, and the use of third-parties to restrict access to content in violation of international law.
Joint Statement on the Socialist Republic of Vietnam’s Decree 72
In response to the announcement of Vietnam’s new Decree 72, which imposed further restrictions on the way the Internet is accessed and used in Vietnam, The Freedom Online Coalition voiced deep concern and calls on the Vietnamese government to revise Decree 72 so that it promotes the ability of individuals to exercise their human rights, including the right to freedom of expression.
Joint letter to the UN secretariat of the Internet Governance Forum
On behalf of FOC members, the Dutch chair of the Coalition issued a letter to the UN Secretariat of the Internet Governance Forum, urging them to review and response to a public letter of the Expression Online Internet, which expresses concerns over a series of alleged incidents at the 7th IGF in Baku.
Statement by the Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs to mark World Press Freedom Day
To mark the World Press Freedom Day, the FOC calls on all governments to protect everybody’s Internet freedom in accordance with Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Joint Statement of the FOC at the OSCE Human Dimension Implementation Meeting
On behalf of the Freedom Online Coalition, the Permanent Representative of Estonia, Mrs Mariin Ratnik, expressed concern that the world continues to witness restrictions on freedom of opinion and expression and other fundamental freedoms online, including within social media platforms. The FOC drew special attention to the practices in some OSCE member states in this regard.
The members of the FOC believe that it is time to counter the trend of increased controls over internet content and underlined the importance of safeguarding and supporting media pluralism
On behalf of the Freedom Online Coalition, the Permanent Representative of Estonia, Mrs Mariin Ratnik, expressed concern that the world continues to witness restrictions on freedom of opinion and expression and other fundamental freedoms online, including within social media platforms. The FOC drew special attention to the practices in some OSCE member states in this regard. The members of the FOC believe that it is time to counter the trend of increased controls over internet content and underlined the importance of safeguarding and supporting media pluralism
Joint Statement of the FOC to the OSCE at the “Internet 2013” Conference
The FOC expresses sincere gratitude to the Representative on Freedom of the Media, Ms Dunja Mijatović, and her team for having organized an OSCE conference which deals with the important topic of Internet freedom. At the same time the FOC noted with concern the continued harassment, intimidation and killings of journalists, civil society members and other professionals working online, as well as illicit monitoring, filtering and hacking, and urges all participating states to fully implement the common commitments on freedom of expression and freedom of the media.