December 2011

The FOC was established at the inaugural FO Conference in The Hague, the Netherlands, by the Dutch Foreign Minister Uri Rosenthal. During the conference 15 countries jointly endorsed the FOC Founding Declaration and committed to the principle that the human rights people have offline also apply online.

Since then, the Coalition has grown from 15 to 30 member countries, spanning from Africa to Asia, Europe, the Americas, and the Middle East. As the most recent member. Argentina joined in 2016 and Spain, New Zealand, Poland, Australia and Norway joined the Coalition in 2015.

September 2012

The second annual FO Conference in Nairobi in September 2012. The Conference focused on the role of an open and free Internet as a prerequisite for respecting human rights, and its role in development and economic growth.

During the conference, FOC members agreed to the Nairobi Terms of Reference and launched the Digital Defenders Partnership (DDP) fund.

June 2013

The third Freedom Online Conference was hosted by the government of Tunisia in June 2013, with themes including free and secure Internet, digital development and privacy online.

Discussions resulted in the establishment of the three FOC multistakeholder working groups: An Internet Free and Secure, Digital Development and Openness, and Privacy and Transparency Online.

January 2014

The FOC Secretariat is established to provide administrative support to the Coalition, maximize coordination efforts among members, and facilitate internal and external communications.

April 2014

The fourth annual conference was hosted by the government of Estonia in April 2014, and welcomed 400 delegates from over 60 countries. Under the title ‘Free and Secure Internet for All’ the conference focused on censorship, balkanization of the Internet, the future of freedom online and Internet governance.

At the Conference, the FOC members adopted the Tallinn Recommendations for Freedom Online. The Recommendations were drafted in a multistakeholder fashion and they reaffirm the Coalition’s commitment to respect and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms.

The official FOC website was launched at the Conference.

July 2014

FOC Working Groups ‘An Internet Free and Secure’ and ‘Privacy and Transparency Online’ are formally set up through an open call for members.

August 2014

The ‘Friends of the Chair’ group is established to provide support to the FOC chair in the run-up to the annual conference and ensure year to year continuity of the Coalition’s diplomatic efforts.

May 2015

The annual FO conference was hosted by the government of Mongolia in Ulaanbaatar on 4-5 May 2015.